Global Women’s Health Issues and Women’s Health Care

Women’s health care is a major cause of concern around the globe. Women have progressed successfully in the last decade, taking giant leaps in terms of empowerment and equality. In fact, women have made their mark in almost every field and given an example of their exemplary spirit and strength. However, one sector that still needs to be given due time and effort, and that in fact requires changes, is women’s health issues.

 

Statistics have proven that women usually live longer than men, but that does not translate into meaning that they are living healthier and better lives as compared to men. This is especially true in the developing nations of the world. Some global factors that affect the health of women include poverty, violence faced by women, discrimination, gender issues, and changes in demographics, including childbirth and a population that is aging.

 

Gender-based disparity still exists, especially in developing nations. The foremost of these health issues affecting women that demand our attention and subsequent steps against it include:

  • Cancer

Deaths due to the two most common types of cancer, namely cervical cancer and breast cancer, are alarmingly high although preventable. Yearly, close to half a million deaths occur due to breast cancer and another estimated half million due to cervical cancer. Routine screening, timely prevention, and required treatment can help reduce the number of deaths due to these cancers and keep the women alive and healthy.

 

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (or HIV) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Sexually transmitted diseases, like AIDS, continue to be a leading cause of suffering among women, especially younger women. Even after so many years, young women are still vulnerable to diseases caused by the HIV and HPV viruses.

Apart from diseases caused due to these viruses, women worldwide are also suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. In fact, syphilis is the highest cause of stillbirth, early fetal death, and a rising number of deaths in newborns. Awareness and initiatives must be taken to prevent these infections.

 

  • Reproductive health

Closely related to sexually transmitted diseases is another women’s health issue that women are suffering from—reproductive health problems. Statistics show that, for women in the age group of 15 years to 44 years, one third of their health issues result from poor reproductive and sexual health care. In this area, unsafe sex accounts for major health problems in young and middle-aged women. These statistics stress the need for better contraception services to be provided to women in developing countries.

 

  • Maternal health

Other health issues that women suffer from are those experienced during pregnancy and childbirth. Figures reveal that 3,000,000 deaths occurred in 2013 alone due to complications arising in pregnancy and during childbirth. These are issues that can be taken care of by providing basic health services along with knowledge regarding family planning.

 

Other health concerns affecting women include:

  • Mental health issues, as more women than men suffer from depression, anxiety, and related disorders
  • Violence against women, particularly physical and sexual violence
  • Non-communicable diseases, such as obesity and drug, alcohol, or substance abuse, are also alarming issues